MINISTRY OF HEALTH İZMİR PROVINCIAL HEALTH DIRECTORATE BORNOVA TÜRKAN ÖZİLHAN STATE HOSPITAL
MINISTRY OF HEALTH İZMİR PROVINCIAL HEALTH DIRECTORATE BORNOVA TÜRKAN ÖZİLHAN STATE HOSPITAL

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Total Knee Replacement Surgery

Updated: 30/12/2019

1. WHAT IS TOTAL KNEE PROSTHESIS?

It is a joint corrective surgery that replaces the worn joint cartilage to remove the deformity, limitation of movement and pain problems caused by the wear of the knee joint.

2. POSSIBLE CAUSES OF DISEASE

Osteoarthritis (calcification) is the deformation of the weight bearing joints due to leaning. Calcification starts from cartilage, affects the bone under the cartilage, the joint capsule and the ligaments around the joint. In fact, muscles that can not be used due to pain thinning and hardening occurs. The knee is one of the body's most weight-bearing joints and is therefore most affected by calcification. The knee joint has three joint surfaces. Femur (calf bone), tibia (tibia) and patella (knee bone). The tibia joint with the femur and the femoral patella. There are internal and external joints between the tibia and femur. Calcification starts from the inner femorotibial joints and affects other joints. However, usually three joints in the knee are affected together. Gonarthrosis occurs in middle and advanced ages. It is more common in women over the age of 50. The disease can also be seen at an earlier age. Patients are usually overweight. Previous joint operations, traumas, sports injuries, inflammatory rheumatism and some congenital disorders are the most important causes.

Pain and stiffness in the joints are the first sign of the disease. The disease can sometimes progress without symptoms. Sometimes x-rays can be normal, even though they have symptoms. As the disease progresses, joint movements are restricted, and it becomes difficult to walk up and down stairs. Sometimes there is a limp. The joint is distorted and there may be bending of the legs. Inflammatory swelling may occur in the bones within the joint, behind the knee and in the front of the joint. In advanced and unhealthy knees, straightening or bending the knee can be difficult and painful. The patient's expression, examination and x-rays are usually sufficient for diagnosis.

3. BY AND WHERE TO PROCESS

The surgery will be performed by the orthopedics and traumatology specialist of our hospital. All operations are performed in the operating room of our hospital.

4. HOW WAY AND HOW THE PROCEDURE WILL BE CARRIED OUT

The following procedure will be applied to the patient's knee (s). Surgical removal of the patient joint and replacement with a metal joint to be inserted into the femur and tibia. This is known as prosthesis. In most cases bone cement is used to fix the prosthesis to the bones of the tibia and thigh.

Anesthesia (Narcosis): You will be applied to the anesthesia method and possible risks, including information about the "Consent Document" be sure to read the document. If this document is not given to you, please ask for one and read it carefully. If you have any questions or reservations, please contact your anesthesiologist.

5. ESTIMATION TIME OF THE PROCEDURE:

The operation takes approximately 120 minutes. Time may vary depending on surgery, anesthesia and patient related factors

6. EXPECTED BENEFITS FROM THE TRANSACTION

More than 90% of patients undergoing total knee prosthesis have a significant reduction in knee pain and a significant improvement in daily living activities such as walking and climbing stairs. Significant pain relief and independent outflow may vary from 4 to 8 weeks, although different for each patient. After total knee prosthesis, it is not appropriate to run, spore requiring sprinting and heavy work, such activities will shorten the life of the prosthesis. Non-compelling sports such as hiking, golf and swimming can be enjoyed. No problem driving a car